These two dual-seat aircraft brings the total number of Dassault Rafale fighters currently in service to 122, consisting of:
- 38 Rafale M single-seat aircraft of the French Navy
- 40 Rafale B dual-seat aircraft of the French Air Force
- 44 Rafale C single-seat aircraft of the French Air Force
The sixty Tranche 4 aircraft will be of the F3R standard. The preceding 120 aircraft were build to three different standards:
- The F1 standard: limited to air-to-air combat only. All were naval Rafale M aircraft and will be upgraded to the F3 standard.
- The F2 standard: are also capable of ground attack with various precision guided munitions and other upgrades.
- The F3 standard: capable of nuclear attack with ASMP missiles, naval strike with Exocet missiles and other upgrades.
- The F3R standard: various upgrades and improvements such as compatibility with long-range Meteor air-to-air missiles, RBE2 software upgrades and SPECTRA improvements
Compatibility with the Meteor missiles is not expected to be complete until 2018, well after the Typhoon and Gripen have done so.
The F3R aircraft will all come with the RBE2 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar that was introduced last year, making it the only European fighter aircraft in Europe to be currently equipped with this type of radar.
Meanwhile the Rafale is well behind both the Typhoon and the Gripen in having yet to score its first export contract, although it's trying to win a contract in several places such as Malaysia and India.
However, despite extended negotiations, a signed contract with India is not likely to happen anytime soon due to many factors. Several technical and financial issues are far from resolved.
There is a chance that India might not purchase the Rafale after all, but go in another direction. Time is probably not on the side of the Rafale, not in India or anywhere else to win an export contract.
The Rafale is confronted with a situation where it only has the backing of France, while having to compete against other aircraft that have more or bigger countries backing them.
The Rafale is also running the risk of falling significantly behind in terms of technology. It is still a fourth-generation fighter while true fifth-generation fighters are set to enter the market in the coming years.